Bankruptcy's shadow over reactors,
Looking at an earlier shadow's Carolina impact
Utilities in Georgia and South Carolina have given themselves more time to decide whether Westinghouse Electric's bankruptcy well add four reactors to the long list of abandoned U.S. nuclear projects.
The late March bankruptcy filing came 38 years after the 1979 Three Mile Island accident in Pennsylvania. At that time, U.S. utilities had Nuclear Regulatory Commission licenses to build some 97 reactors. Most were already under construction, but only 53 were put in service.Six of the uncompleted reactors were slated for construction in the Carolinas by Duke Power and Carolina Light & Power – the present day Duke Energy following a 2012 merger.
A month after the bankruptcy, construction continues in Georgia and South Carolina under agreements the utilities reached to work directly with Fluor, Westinghouse’s subcontractor on the projects -- the first U.S. nuclear power plants to be licensed and begin construction in three decades.
Late last week, the utilities extended the agreements allowing work to continue while the various parties work out Westinghouse's performance during bankruptcy, which would be funded by its $800 million in debtor-in-possession financing.
This time, however, the interim agreements differ in length, with Georgia Power extending the agreement covering the two Vogtle reactors two weeks to May 12 while South Carolina Electric & Gas and Santee Cooper extended the interim agreement covering Summer for 60 days until June 26.
If the efforts are unsuccessful, the four reactors would increase to 48 the number of reactors with NRC construction permits that were never operated.
Following is a list of reactors that were never finished after being licensed by the NRC compiled by Reuters Correspondent Scott DiSavino from NRC and Reuters data.
Plant Utility State Size (megawatt Cancel electric) Date Shearon Harris 2 Carolina Power & Light Co NC 900 1983 Shearon Harris 3 Carolina Power & Light Co NC 900 1981 Shearon Harris 4 Carolina Power & Light Co NC 900 1981 Zimmer 1 Cincinnati Gas & Electric Co OH 810 1984 Midland 1 Consumers Power Co MI 492 1986 Midland 2 Consumers Power Co MI 818 1986 Cherokee 1 Duke Power Co SC 1,280 1983 Cherokee 2 Duke Power Co SC 1,280 1982 Cherokee 3 Duke Power Co SC 1,280 1982 Washington Nuclear 1 Energy Northwest WA 1,266 1995 Washington Nuclear 3 Energy Northwest WA 1,242 1995 Washington Nuclear 4 Energy Northwest WA 1,218 1982 Washington Nuclear 5 Energy Northwest WA 1,242 1982 Grand Gulf 2 Entergy Nuclear Operations Inc MS 1,250 1990 Vogtle 3 Georgia Power Co GA 1,113 1974 Vogtle 4 Georgia Power Co GA 1,113 1974 River Bend 2 Gulf States Utilities Co LA 934 1984 Clinton 2 Illinois Power Co IL 933 1983 Forked River 1 Jersey Central Power & Light Co NJ 1,070 1980 Jamesport 1 Long Island Lighting Co NY 1,150 1980 Jamesport 2 Long Island Lighting Co NY 1,150 1980 * Shoreham Long Island Lighting Co NY 820 1989 Bailly 1 Northern Indiana Public Service Co IN 645 1981 Tyrone 2 Northern States Power Co WI 1,150 1974 Seabrook 2 Public Service Co of New Hampshire NH 1,198 1988 Hope Creek 2 Public Service Electric & Gas Co DE 1,067 1981 Marble Hill 1 Public Service of Indiana IN 1,130 1985 Marble Hill 2 Public Service of Indiana IN 1,130 1985 Sterling Rochester Gas & Electric Corp NY 1,150 1980 Bellefonte 1 Tennessee Valley Authority AL 1,235 1988 Bellefonte 2 Tennessee Valley Authority AL 1,235 1988 Hartsville A1 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,233 1984 Hartsville A2 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,233 1984 Hartsville B1 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,233 1982 Hartsville B2 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,233 1982 Phipps Bend 1 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,220 1982 Phipps Bend 2 Tennessee Valley Authority TN 1,220 1982 Yellow Creek 1 Tennessee Valley Authority MS 1,285 1984 Yellow Creek 2 Tennessee Valley Authority MS 1,285 1984 Callaway 2 Union Electric Co MD 1,150 1981 North Anna 3 Virginia Electric & Power Co VA 907 1982 North Anna 4 Virginia Electric & Power Co VA 907 1980 Surry 3 Virginia Electric & Power Co VA 882 1977 Surry 4 Virginia Electric & Power Co VA 882 1977 * Long Island Lighting Co, or LILCO, finished the Shoreham reactor but was not able to operate it commercially due to opposition in New York.